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The Lahemaa National Park was created in 1971 to protect the characteristic North-Estonian landscapes and the national heritage of the area, and to preserve harmonious relations between man and nature. This was the first national park in the Soviet Union. Originally the area of the national park was about 440 kmÂ², but later the territory was expanded towards the south. Now its area extends over 725 kmÂ², 474 kmÂ² lies on land, 251 kmÂ² is the sea.
The Lahemaa National Park lies in the territory of two counties (Harjumaa and LÃ€Ã€ne-Virumaa) and of four landscape regions (the North-Estonian Coastal Plain, the Harju Plateau, the Viru Plateau and KÃµrvemaa). This territory was first called Lahemaa by Johannes Gabriel GranÃ¶ in the early 20th century. The name originates from the most thoroughly studied part of the North-Estonian coast, where four large peninsulas (Juminda, PÃ€rispea, KÃ€smu and Vergi) are separated from each other by four bays (Kolga, Hara, Eru and KÃ€smu.)
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